what is the caste system in hinduism ?
what is the caste system in hinduism？
The caste system is deeply rooted in the Hinduism belief in karma and reincarnation. Dating back more than 3,000 years, the caste system divides Hindus into four main categories – Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and the Shudras based on who they were in their past life, their karma, and what family line they come from.2021年8月26日
In this regard,How does Hindu caste system work?
It is a social hierarchy passed down through families, and it can dictate the professions a person can work in as well as aspects of their social lives, including whom they can marry. While the caste system originally was for Hindus, nearly all Indians today identify with a caste, regardless of their religion.
Correspondingly,What is caste system explain?
Caste is a form of social stratification characterised by endogamy, hereditary transmission of a style of life which often includes an occupation, ritual status in a hierarchy, and customary social interaction and exclusion based on cultural notions of purity and pollution.
Furthermore,Why is the caste system important?
After a person's family, the caste commands an individual's major loyalty. Indians still often identify themselves by the community they belong to and caste is still a factor in marriage selection.
Long,What did the caste system determine?
The Indian caste system is a classification of people into four hierarchically ranked castes called varnas. They are classified according to occupation and determine access to wealth, power, and privilege.
In its broadest sense, examples of caste-based societies include colonial Latin America under Spanish and Portuguese rule, Japan, Korea, some parts of Africa, as well as across the Indian subcontinent.
India's caste system was officially abolished in 1950, but the 2,000-year-old social hierarchy imposed on people by birth still exists in many aspects of life. The caste system categorizes Hindus at birth, defining their place in society, what jobs they can do and who they can marry.
According to the Hindu law, each caste had a strict set of duties. The only way a person became a member of a particular caste was by birth. One could not marry someone from another caste and one could not get a job outside of his or her caste. The Hindu idea of reincarnation kept the caste system alive.
The caste system has a tight grasp on social structure in India and Nepal. There is no fluidity or ability to move up from your assigned Varna. The system has been especially harsh on inter-caste marriages — if a Brahmin woman marries a Sudra man, her children would be born into the lowest caste.
The system has led to the upper castes being privileged over the lower castes, which were often repressed by those higher up on the caste scale. For centuries, inter-caste marriage was forbidden, and in villages, castes mostly lived separately and did not share amenities such as wells.
Changing a Caste Caste change can be achieved legally only when someone has been adopted. And if a child (born in an inter-caste marriage) when attains the age of 21 chooses to vote for another caste of the father or mother in specific circumstances.
3,000 castesThe main castes were further divided into about 3,000 castes and 25,000 sub-castes, each based on their specific occupation. Outside of this Hindu caste system were the achhoots - the Dalits or the untouchables.
The highest of all the castes, and traditionally priests or teachers, Brahmins make up a small part of the Indian population. The British colonial authorities gave Brahmins influential clerical jobs.