what do stimulants do to the central nervous system ?
what do stimulants do to the central nervous system？
Stimulants are a class of drugs that “stimulate” the body's central nervous system, which includes the brain and spinal cord. They increase the levels of catecholamines—a family of brain chemicals that includes dopamine. These chemicals are used in the brain processes to signal reward and motivation.
Correspondingly,How does a stimulant effect the central nervous system?
What are CNS stimulants? CNS stimulants (CNS stands for central nervous system) are medicines that stimulate the brain, speeding up both mental and physical processes. They increase energy, improve attention and alertness, and elevate blood pressure, heart rate and respiratory rate.
Furthermore,How do stimulants affect the nervous system quizlet?
How do stimulants affect the brain? speeds up the brains functioning causing shakiness, loss of coordination, and physical collapse and brain damage.
In this regard,Do stimulants drugs speed up the central nervous system?
Cocaine, Methamphetamine, and Other Stimulants This means that they speed up the central nervous system, increasing heart rate, body temperature, and blood pressure while increasing energy levels, focus, attention, alertness, and wakefulness. They also suppress appetite.
Besides,How do stimulants and depressants affect the central nervous system?
Based on their names, we can understand what makes these two different. Essentially, depressants slow down the body parts controlled by the central nervous system, while stimulants speed up the central nervous system's activity, including the brain.
What are the effects of stimulants quizlet?
increased heart rate, convulsions, extreme rise in body temperature, uncontrollable movements, insomnia, impaired speech, dry itchy skin, loss of appetite, acne, sores, and numbness.
How do stimulants affect the brain quizlet?
Stimulants work by speeding up the messages going between the brain and the body through an increase in the activity of the central nervous system.
What are potential side effects of stimulants?
Many users experience a loss of appetite, increased heart rate, elevated blood pressure and body temperature, interrupted sleep patterns, panic, hallucinations, and irritability. Taking high dosages of stimulants can result in convulsions, seizures, and possibly even death.
How do stimulants work quizlet?
The stimulants reach the brain and act as a neurotransmitter blocking the reuptake of other transmitters such as dopamine, serotonin, and norepinephrine. The stimulant passes through mucous membranes or nasal mucosa. The blood stream is full of low concentration. The high and low concentration diffuses into the bones.
What is a stimulant in AP Psychology?
Stimulants are chemicals known to stimulate the nervous system. It will excite neural activity and body functions. Physiological effects include dilated pupils, increased blood pressure, an increase in blood sugar, and a resulting decrease in appetite that coincide with increased energy levels.
What is a stimulant psychology?
People who are psychologically dependent on stimulants may feel an urge to use them when they are in specific surroundings or socialising with friends.
How do inhalants affect the central nervous system quizlet?
Inhalants depress the central nervous system, producing short-term side effects similar to that seen with drinking alcohol. The short-term side effects of inhalants abuse include: Slurred speech.
Which drug is not a CNS stimulant quizlet?
Orlistat differs from other antiobesity drugs in that it is not a CNS stimulant. It works by inhibiting the enzyme lipase.